Science Midterm

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# Right & # Wrong of #

the lessening or limitation of adverse effects of hazards and related disasters.

disaster mitigation

the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010

RA 10121

knowledge and capabilities needed by an institution and/or an individual to anticipate respond to and recover for the impacts of the hazards

disaster preparedness

a serious disruption of the functioning of a community involving widespread human environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability and security of the affected community to cope using own resources.


dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other heath impacts, property damage, loss of livelihood and services, social an economic disruption, or environmental damage


combination of the probability of an event and its negative consequences


characteristics and circumstance of a community, system or asset, that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard


ensures that the affected community is able to restore their normal functioning ability


the provision of services and assistance during and immediately after a disaster; a short-term relief

disaster response

systematic approach and practice of managing uncertainty to minimize potential harm and loss.

risk management

Disaster Prevention and Mitigation

*Increased resilience of infrastructure system (DPWH)
*Enhanced monitoring, forecasting and hazard warning (DOST)

Disaster Preparedness

Increased level of awareness and enhanced capacity of the community to deal with hazards and impacts (PIA)
*Communities are equipped with necessary skills and capability to cope with impacts of disaster (DILG)

Disaster Response

*Well-established disaster response operation (DSWD)
*Safe and timely evacuation of affected communities (LGU)

Rehabilitation and Recovery

*Damage, losses and needs assessment (OCD)
*Disaster and climate change resilient infrastructure construction or reconstruction (DPWH)

Energy-rich compound; end product of Calvin Cycle


byproducts of photosynthesis

oxygen and glucose

takes place on mitochondria

Cellular Respiration

product of light dependent reaction


released in photosynthesis due to the input of H2O


End product of Cellular Respiration

Carbon Dioxide

byproducts of Glycolysis

Pyruvates and Glucose

energy fuel of the cell; end product of light dependent

Adenosine Triposphate

with oxygen

aerobic respiration

takes place in chlorophyll


where gas exchange takes place


stacks of hollow disks
light dependent reaction occurs


without oxygen

anaerobic respiration

semiliquid substance surrounding the thykaloid


In Glycoysis, without oxygen leads to--

Fermentation (lactacid acid -in mmuscle; ethyl)