19 facts have zero as one of the addends. Although these facts seem to be the simplest of all, some students will overgeneralize the idea that answers to addition are bigger. Putting these facts into real life situations oftentimes help the students to reinforce the zero rule.
This set of facts includes all the turn-around facts for the make ten facts. Students should use their knowledge of addition and fact families to solve these facts. For example, when solving 11 - 8, the student should ask, “What plus 8 equals 11?”.
This strategy is used for facts that have a 1 or a 2 as one of it’s addends (example: 8 + 2). Out of the 100 addition facts students will learn, 36 fall under the one-more-than and two-more-than facts. In these situations, students simply count up 1 or 2 from the greatest addend. This should be the only situation where students “count” to find their answer.