American Republic Chapter 6

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1.) Where and when did the Second Continental Congress meet?

May of 1775 in Philadelphia

2.) Who did the Second Continental Congress choose to head the Continental Army?

George Washington

3.) What was the Olive Branch Petition?

A request to King Geroge III to preserve their British rights

4.) How did King George III respond to the Olive Branch Petition?

He refused to receive it and ordered the army to suppress the rebellion

5.) What two Americans led the attack on Fort Ticonderoga?

Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold

6.) Which one of the above two men led the Green Mountain Boys?

Ethan Allen

7.) What did the Americans gain in this attack?

Strategic locations and the Fort's Location

8.) What was the first major battle of the War of Independence (high number of casualties)?

Battle of Bunker Hill

9.) What allowed the British to win this battle?

The colonists ran out of ammunition

10.) What was the name for the German soldiers hired by the British?

The Hessians

11.) Who wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet encouraging American independence?

Thomas Paine

12.) On what date (day, month, and year) was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 4th, 1776

13.) Who drafted, or authored, the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

14.) Who refused to write the Declaration?

John Adams

15.) Who led the transportation of artillery from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston?

Henry Knox

16.) Who were the Loyalists?

Colonists who stayed loyal to Britain, also known as "Tories"

17.) Who were the Patriots?

Colonists that wanted Independence

18.) What river did Washington and his troops cross on Christmas night, 1776?

Delaware River

19.) What was the result of the American attack on Trenton?

900 Hessians captured and the colonists regained hope

20-21.) What were two significances of the Battle of Saratoga?

Surrender of British forces in the North, turning them South thus forth, and France's official entry into the war, creating the turning point in the War

22.) Describe the conditions at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-78

The army was cold, ill-clothed, hungry, and sick

23.) What man gave the Americans military training at Valley Forge?

Baron von Steuben

24.) Who was the most famous American naval commander?

John Paul Jones

25.) What ship did John Paul Jones defeat in the North Sea?


26.) At what battle did the Americans fake a retreat and then attack?

This battle was the Cowpens battle

27.) What country used its navy to trap the British at Yorktown?


28.) What young French general aided Washingon in the battle of Yorktown?

Marquis de LaFayette

29.) Who was the British general who surrendered at Yorktown?

Charles Cornwallis

30-32.) Who were the three American negotiators at the Paris Peace Talks?

Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams

33-35.) What were the 3 main provisions of the Treaty of Paris?

America gained its independence from Britain, it set the western boundary for the US a the Mississippi River, and it set the northern boundary at the Great Lakes