Psychology 101 - Lesson 1

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The study of psychology


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is the scientific study of behavior, cognition, and emotion.
The American Psychological Association defines psychology as "the study of the mind and behavior.
Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of behavior, mind and thought and the subconscious neurological bases of behavior. Psychology also refers to the application of such knowledge to various spheres of human activity, including problems of individuals' daily lives and the treatment of mental illness

The word "psychology" is derived from

the Greek words psyche (soul or mind) and logia (the study of).

Representations that are our of Psychology Scope

parapsychology is the study of alleged mental phenomena such as telepathy
There is also pseudoscientific psychology, which consists of practices and beliefs that some claim to be scientific and factual, but which are incompatible with the scientific method and are not falsifiable

Empirical methods

include the processes of collecting and organizing data and drawing conclusions about those data.
provide a basis for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data within a common framework in which information can be shared.

basic psychology

Applied psychology

Some scientists conduct empirical research to seek knowledge without any intentions of applying the knowledge for practical purposes.

is empirical research conducted for practical purposes

Basic Research

Research is conducted to expand knowledge on an area of interest without seeking to promote any changes in the behavior or mental state of individuals or groups.

Applied Research

Research findings are applied towards human well-being to change the behavior or mental state of individuals or groups.