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100% rule

the budget of the work packages in WBS add up to 100% of the budget

4 agile approaches


4 Pillars of Agile

Individuals and Interactions (over processes and tools), working software (over comprhensive documentation), customer collaboration (over contract negotiation), respond to change (over following a plan)

Acceptance Test-Driven Development



where you write

acceptance tests


backlog refinement

used to break down complex stories into smaller packages.

Behavior-driven development (BDD)



where you write

acceptance tests


Beta estimation technique

estimation=(high guess+low guess+most likely guess times 4)/6

change control board (CCB)

a committee that consists of Subject Matter

Experts and Managers

who decide whether to implement proposed changes

change request

sometimes called change control request, is a document containing a call for an adjustment of a system


is the combined practices of continuous integration and continuous delivery or, less often, continuous deployment. They are sometimes referred to collectively as continuous development or continuous software development.

conflict resolution techniques aka conflict management approaches, what are they and what do they mean

Smooth/Accomidate: emphasize agreement, concede position to maintain harmony. Withdraw/avoid: retreat/postpone. Collaborate/Problem Solve: incorporate multiple view points, enable cooperative attitudes, preferred technique. Force/Direct: pursue your viewpoint at expense of others, win/lose scenario. Compromise/reconsile: Search for solutions that partially satisfy everyone, temporarily or partially resolve issue, cease fire.

Continuous delivery and/or deployment (CD)

is a 2 part process that refers to the integration, testing, and delivery of code changes. Continuous delivery stops short of automatic production deployment, while continuous deployment automatically releases the updates into the production environment.

Continuous integration (CI)

refers to the practice of automatically and frequently integrating code changes into a shared source code repository.

cost performance index (CPI)


Crash the project schedule.

Project crashing is when you shorten the duration of a project by

the resources to the project

Of course

this also adds to the cost of the overall project. Therefore

Definition of Ready

A team's checklist for a user-centric requirement that has all the information the team needs to be able to begin working on it.

DevOps steps and usefulness

design --> development --> deployment --> operation --> repeat. usefulness: Early collaboration between operations and development, Automation of operations and development

Earned value (EV)

EV=PV*(Completion Percentage). A dollar amount representation of how complete the project is.

eXtreme Programming what is it and what are it's approaches to risk mgmt, integration mgmt, scope/time mgmt, human resource mgmt, quality mgmt, and communication mgmt

software development best practices. Risk management via small releases. Integration mgmt via continuous integration. Scope and time mgmt via story cards. Human resource mgmt via collective ownership and sustainable effort. Quality mgmt via simple design and refactoring, testing and paired programming. Communications mgmt via standups, common workplace, onsite customer, and metaphor.

fast track a project schedule

Fast-tracking in project management

following the other as most projects are done

fast-tracking doesn’t

feasibility study

To determine what product should be created

Feature-Driven Development

Agile segmented by feature to split up the project into smaller teams to decrease risk of stepping on toes

fishbowl windows

A virtual team collaboration solution. Create a fishbowl window by setting up long-lived video conferencing links between the various locations in

which the team is dispersed. People start the link at the beginning of a workday

and close it at the end. In

this way

people can see and engage spontaneously with each other

flow-based agile

focuses on the amount of work that can be in process at any given time.

functional, projectized and matrix orginization structure

functional: employees devided by function QA, Dev etc. Projectized: team is assembled for a project. Matrix: both

ideal hour units vs story points

story points is an effort scale: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8. ideal hours is how many hours to complete. Story points are better because they are more flexible

Incremental project approach

incrementally adding more advanced features to the product

information radiators

big visible chart. “Information radiator” is the generic term for any of a number

of handwritten


places in a highly visible location

so that all team members

as passers-by

can see the latest information at a glance: count of

automated tests



and so on."

internal audit of project

A project audit is a structured review process of a project's




and criteria."

INVEST method

“I” ndependent (of all others)“N” egotiable (not a specific contract for features)“V” aluable (or vertical)“E” stimable (to a good approximation)“S” mall (so as to fit within an iteration)“T” estable (in principle, even if there isn’t a test for it yet)

iteration review meeting

An iteration review is

where the team demos a working

tested increment. No slides are needed.


the focus is on the solution instead of a presentation. The

on this information

attendees collaborate on what to do next. The Team

© Scaled Agile


Iterative project approach

repeated processes

lack of servant leadership can result in:

Team members avoid taking on challenging tasks

b. Team members avoid direct communication with other departments

Project stakeholders express skepticism of agile methods"

management reserve

Management Reserve (MR) is An amount of the total

marginal economics analysis

the analysis process to determine the Minimum Viable Productm Minimum releaseable features, the Minimum Business Increment, and ultimatelty the Mimimum Marketable Release

Minimum Marketable Features (MMF)

Frequent release of smaller incremental products is the fastest way to

get return on investment. MMFs are ready for public launch

whereas MVPs

Minimum Viable Product (MVP)

Is the product with minimum number of features required to function. Not necessarily profitable.

Perform Integrated Change Control process

Integrated Change Control (ICC) provides a comprehensive process for reviewing, evaluating, and approving changes to project scope, schedule, and resources.

Planned value (PV)

Planned Value is the approved value of the work to be completed in a

predictive life cycle

The predictive life cycle is defined as the scope of the project,

including time and costs

that are necessary to deliver it are

Product Owner in agile

The product owner acts as the sponsor in agile projects and therefore

project charter components

Project Background, Project Objectives, Benefits, Stakeholders, Initial Risks and Issues, Initial Budget, Initial Timeline

Project Controls

a set of tools, techniques and processes that are used together to help project managers measure and control the six project constraints: time, cost, scope, quality, risk and resources.

project kick-off call

The first meeting between a project team and stakeholders. It serves to

project management office (PMO

An organizational unit that oversees project management-related

management office also functions as a repository of general

project management plan components

Executive summary. Timeline

quality management plan: 3 components

the set of standards


remote pairing

a virtual team collaboration solution. Set up remote pairing by using virtual conferencing tools to share screens, including voice and video links. As

long as the time zone differences are accounted for

this may prove almost as effective as face-to-face pairing."

Risk Dormancy Factor

Risk Proximity Factor

Risk proximity – the amount of time between the present and when the risk could occur

Risk Urgency Factor

Urgency of the risk – how soon a risk response needs to be applied to treat the risk

scheduled performance index (SPI)

Earned Value (EV) Cumulative / Planned Value (PV) Cumulative. 1 means on time. Less than 1 means behind. stories completed/stories planned

scrum of Scrums

A Scrum of Scrums occurs once a week or fortnightly. It will allow the

Statement of work (SOW)

detailed work contract

SWOT analysis

(strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. a framework used to evaluate a company's competitive position and to develop strategic planning

Triangular estimation technique formula

tri = (high est+low+most likely)/3

variable-size iterations

Planning at the beginning, continuous release, no release schedule, just estimated deliverable dates