Spanish Verb Tenses 19

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Imperative Tense

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imperative


( regular )

affirmative
simply drop the s from 2nd singular
baila | bebe | vive

negative
remove the o/oy from yo form
add es ( in *ar ) or as ( in *er/*ir )
no bailes | no bebas | no vivas


( irregular )

very few irregulars in tú form

a few most used ones with affirmative and negative

hacer | haz | no hagas
poner | pon | no pongas
ser | sé | no seas
tener | ten | no tengas

decir | di | no digas
ir | ve | no vayas
salir | sal | no salgas
venir | ven | no vengas

with object pronouns
( affirmative )

1 _____ ( one pronoun )
2 _____ ( two pronouns )

1 simply attach object pronoun to the end of imperative form
bebelo
levántate

2 use the reflexive, indirect, direct order and attach both to the end of imperative
demelo
selo

with object pronouns
( negative )

1 _____ ( one pronoun )
2 _____ ( two pronouns )

1 the pronoun precedes the verb, right after no
no me hables

2 the pronouns precede the verb, right after no
no se lo des

usted

1 _____ ( regular )
2 _____ ( irregular )

ustedes
3 _____

1 affirmative or negative:
drop the o/oy from yo form
add e ( *ar ), or a ( *er/*ir )
baile, tenga, no escriba

2 only 3 irregulars in the usted form
saber | sepa
ser | sea
ir | vaya

3 for all regular or irregular, affirmative or negative, just add an n at the end:
no bailen, escriban

nosotros
( regular )

1 _____ ( basic form )
2 _____ ( *ar/*er stem )
3 _____ ( *ir stem )
4 _____ ( orthographic )
5 _____ ( reflexive )

1 remove the o/oy from yo form, and add emos ( *ar ), or amos ( *er/*ir ) ( bailemos, comamos ... )

2 *ar/*er: no stem change ( pensemos ... )

3 *ir: o>ue change o>u, e>ie and e>i change e>i
( durmamos, pidamos ... )

4 orthographic ( c>qu, g>gu, z>c )

5 reflexives: remove ending s before adding nos

nosotros
( irregular )

only 3 irregulars
saber | sepamos | no sepamos
ser | seamos | no seamos
ir | vamos | no vayamos