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plus-que-parfait, le présent du conditionnel


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Right: #
Wrong: #
# Right & # Wrong of #

context: too much socializing, covid cases increasing
Recess should have sounded.
th/meaning: "the party should be over"

La récréation devrait avoir sonné.

He had always finished before the others.

Il avait toujours fini avant les autres.
- plus-que-parfait (past perfect)

She had departed without leaving an address.

Elle était partie sans laisser d'addresse.

He had remembered the incident before leaving.

Il s'était souvenu d'incident avant de partir.
(se souvenir in plus-que-parfait)

the backlash

le ressac

This is an excellent example of centralization and bungling.
- the bungling

C'est un excellent exemple de centralisation et de cafouillage.
- le cafouillage

The phone has not stopped ringing since the morning.
Hint: not "n'a pas arrêté de sonner"
- to fade

Le téléphone ne dérougit pas depuis la matinée.
- dérougir

You can include a signature in each message.
- to include

Vous pouvez inclure une signature dans chaque message.
- inclure
j'ai inclus

After prevaricating on the question, Quebec will make the wearing of masks mandatory.
- to prevaricate

Après avoir tergiversé sur la question, Québec rendra le port du masque obligatoire.
- tergiverser (soft 'g')

the strain e.g., of a virus
the tree stump
the stem cell

la souche p.e, d'un virus
la souche d'arbre
la cellule souche

You click on the tab.
- the tab

Vous cliquez sur l'onglet.
- (le) onglet

The impact could not be more clear.

L'impact est on ne peut plus net.

An event that could not be more usual.

Un événement on ne peut plus habituel.

The government could not have been more clear.

Le gouvernement a été on ne peut plus clair.

the oil (2)

(la) huile
le mazout ('t' is pronounced)

The pandemic is surging in the United States.
- to surge

La pandémie enfle aux États-Unis.
- enfler

My feet swell when I take a plane.
- to swell
- the swelling

Mes pieds enflent lorsque je prends l'avion.
- enfler
- (la) enflure

to fall through the cracks
lit: to fall between the meshes of the net

tomber entre les mailles du filet

The employee who did not get a raise felt aggrieved.
- aggrieved
- to damage

L'employé qui n'a pas eu d'augmentation s'est senti lésé.
- lésé (pronounced with a bit of a 'z')
- léser: présent: lèse lèses lèse lésons lésez lèsent (like céder)
(se sentir)

The driver keeps a first aid kit in his vehicle.
- the kit

Le conducteur garde une trousse de secours dans son véhicule.
- la trousse

the placebo

le placebo
(pronounced plat-say-bo)

the abyss

le gouffre

far from letting go
- to release

loin de lâcher prise
- lacher

They can flout the law with complete impunity.
- to flout (not "faire fi de")

Ils peuvent bafouer la loi en toute impunité.
- bafouer

We won the case. / We were successful.
- the gain, the win

Nous avons eu gain de cause. (2)
- le gain (2)

parler in present conditional: "would speak"

parler + ais ais ait ions iez aient
(conditional: same stem as future)

mettre in present conditional: "would put"

mettr + ais ais ait ions iez aient
(conditional: same stem as future)

These animals would have more to eat elsewhere.

Ces animaux auraient plus à manger ailleurs.
(avoir: present conditional)

His brother-in-law is allegedly involved in an a fraudulent affair.
Hint: "le conditionnel journalistique"
- the fraud

Son beau-frère serait impliqué dans un affaire de fraude.
- la fraude

a phony investigation

une enquête bidon

if the situation gets tougher
- to get tougher

si la situation se corse
- se corser