1.) On what date did the Civil War begin (firing on Fort Sumter)?
April 12, 1861
2.) How was the railroad used during the Civil War?
It was used to move soldiers and equipment quickly
3.) How was the telegraph used during the Civil War?
To communicate with commanders; it allowed Lincoln to follow war- he checked almost daily
4+5.) Name two modern weapons and one new fighting tactic of the Civil War.
Mines, wire barricades; trench warfare, ironclad ships, cavalry for scouting, rifling
6.) How were hypodermic needles used?
Used to inject morphine into the blood
7.) Who was the famous Civil War photographer?
8.) What were the names of the first two ironclad ships?
The Monitor (Union) and the Virginia/Merrimac (Confederate)
9.) What were the three specific steps of the Union strategy?
Impose a naval blockade to cut off foreign trade, gain control of the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy and cut off western states, and capture Richmond, Virginia
10.) What was the main strategy for the Confederacy?
Break blockade, get foreign help, and capture Washington, D.C.- Fight a defensive war
11.) What city served as the capital of the Confederacy?
12.) How did the names for battles differ in the North and South?
North named after landmarks, South named after nearest towns
13-21.) Write the importance of each of the following battles: First Battle of Bull Run
Early battle showed a Union victory would not be easy, Stonewall Jackson earned name
14 (Refer to 13-21 for specifics!)-Antietam
Single bloodiest day of war, allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclaimation
Union morale was at its lowest; they lost twice as many men as the Confederates
Called the "high water mark of the Confederacy", costly victory for the Confederates- Jackson was killed
Turning point in war, marks the last time the South invaded the North
Union gained control of the Mississippi
19.) Lookout Mountain
Union captured Chattanooga, cleared the war for a Union invasion of Georgia
20.) Sherman's March to Sea
Sherman's men cut a path of destruction 60 miles wide, 300 miles long; this destroyed Southern morale and cut the Confederacy in half
21.) Grant's Wilderness Campaign
Led to the fall of Richmond, resulted in the fall of the Confederacy
22.) What was Lincoln's main goal in issuing the Emancipation Proclamation?
He wanted to convince the people that the war was worth the blood of thousands of Americans
23.) Why didn't it immediately abolish slavery?
He only had the power to free slaves in Confederate-held areas
24.) Which states did the Emancipation Proclamation specifically NOT apply?
Border states and any other areas then under Federal control
25.) For what occasion was Lincoln invited to Gettysburg to give his address?
The dedication of the Cemetery
26.) Describe Sherman's path of destruction through the South
60 miles wide, 300 miles long, total war, destruction of everything
27.) Who was Abraham Lincoln's vice-presidential candidate in 1864?
28.) Who was the Democrat who ran against Lincoln?
29.) What was the result of the election of 1864?
Lincoln was re-elected by a large margin
30.) What was Lincoln's plan for reunion with the South as mentioned in his 2ns Inaugural Address?
Malice toward none, charity toward all-reconciliation instead of revenge
31.) On what date did Lee surrender to Grant?
April 9, 1865
32.) Where did this surrender take place?
Appomotax Court House, Virginia
33-34.) Name two terms of Lee's surrender to Grant.
Officers had to keep sidearms and horses, cavalrymen+artillerymen had to keep horses, no prisoners taken, 25,000 rations to Confederates
35.) On what date was Abraham Lincoln shot?
April 14, 1865
36.) Where did this assassination take place?
Ford's Theatre, Washington
37.) Who was Lincoln's assassin?
John Wilkes Booth
38.) How did Lincoln's assassination affect the South?
Hurt the Reconstruction effort
39.) Approximately how many Americans died in the Civil War?
40.) Which side lost more men?
41.) What advances were made in the North in a result of the Civil War?
Factories, sewing machines, farming machines
42.) Which amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery?
The 13th Amendment
53-57.) Union generals:
George McClellan, William Sherman, Joseph Hooker, Ambrose Burnside, Ulysses S. Grant
58-61.) Confederate Generals:
Stonewall Jackson, Braxton Bragg, George Pickett, Robert E. Lee