American Republic Chapter 14

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1.) On what date did the Civil War begin (firing on Fort Sumter)?

April 12, 1861

2.) How was the railroad used during the Civil War?

It was used to move soldiers and equipment quickly

3.) How was the telegraph used during the Civil War?

To communicate with commanders; it allowed Lincoln to follow war- he checked almost daily

4+5.) Name two modern weapons and one new fighting tactic of the Civil War.

Mines, wire barricades; trench warfare, ironclad ships, cavalry for scouting, rifling

6.) How were hypodermic needles used?

Used to inject morphine into the blood

7.) Who was the famous Civil War photographer?

Mathew Brady

8.) What were the names of the first two ironclad ships?

The Monitor (Union) and the Virginia/Merrimac (Confederate)

9.) What were the three specific steps of the Union strategy?

Impose a naval blockade to cut off foreign trade, gain control of the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy and cut off western states, and capture Richmond, Virginia

10.) What was the main strategy for the Confederacy?

Break blockade, get foreign help, and capture Washington, D.C.- Fight a defensive war

11.) What city served as the capital of the Confederacy?

Richmond, VA

12.) How did the names for battles differ in the North and South?

North named after landmarks, South named after nearest towns

13-21.) Write the importance of each of the following battles: First Battle of Bull Run

Early battle showed a Union victory would not be easy, Stonewall Jackson earned name

14 (Refer to 13-21 for specifics!)-Antietam

Single bloodiest day of war, allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclaimation

15.) Fredericksburg

Union morale was at its lowest; they lost twice as many men as the Confederates

16.) Chancellorsville

Called the "high water mark of the Confederacy", costly victory for the Confederates- Jackson was killed

17.) Gettysburg

Turning point in war, marks the last time the South invaded the North

18.) Vicksburg

Union gained control of the Mississippi

19.) Lookout Mountain

Union captured Chattanooga, cleared the war for a Union invasion of Georgia

20.) Sherman's March to Sea

Sherman's men cut a path of destruction 60 miles wide, 300 miles long; this destroyed Southern morale and cut the Confederacy in half

21.) Grant's Wilderness Campaign

Led to the fall of Richmond, resulted in the fall of the Confederacy

22.) What was Lincoln's main goal in issuing the Emancipation Proclamation?

He wanted to convince the people that the war was worth the blood of thousands of Americans

23.) Why didn't it immediately abolish slavery?

He only had the power to free slaves in Confederate-held areas

24.) Which states did the Emancipation Proclamation specifically NOT apply?

Border states and any other areas then under Federal control

25.) For what occasion was Lincoln invited to Gettysburg to give his address?

The dedication of the Cemetery

26.) Describe Sherman's path of destruction through the South

60 miles wide, 300 miles long, total war, destruction of everything

27.) Who was Abraham Lincoln's vice-presidential candidate in 1864?

Andrew Johnson

28.) Who was the Democrat who ran against Lincoln?

George McClellan

29.) What was the result of the election of 1864?

Lincoln was re-elected by a large margin

30.) What was Lincoln's plan for reunion with the South as mentioned in his 2ns Inaugural Address?

Malice toward none, charity toward all-reconciliation instead of revenge

31.) On what date did Lee surrender to Grant?

April 9, 1865

32.) Where did this surrender take place?

Appomotax Court House, Virginia

33-34.) Name two terms of Lee's surrender to Grant.

Officers had to keep sidearms and horses, cavalrymen+artillerymen had to keep horses, no prisoners taken, 25,000 rations to Confederates

35.) On what date was Abraham Lincoln shot?

April 14, 1865

36.) Where did this assassination take place?

Ford's Theatre, Washington

37.) Who was Lincoln's assassin?

John Wilkes Booth

38.) How did Lincoln's assassination affect the South?

Hurt the Reconstruction effort

39.) Approximately how many Americans died in the Civil War?

600,000 soldiers

40.) Which side lost more men?

The North/Union

41.) What advances were made in the North in a result of the Civil War?

Factories, sewing machines, farming machines

42.) Which amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery?

The 13th Amendment

53-57.) Union generals:

George McClellan, William Sherman, Joseph Hooker, Ambrose Burnside, Ulysses S. Grant

58-61.) Confederate Generals:

Stonewall Jackson, Braxton Bragg, George Pickett, Robert E. Lee