Torts Grady F2019 Strict L

Primary tabs

Bookmark to learn: Login to use bookmarks.

Statistics

'Repetition is the mother of all learning.'

Bookmark to learn: Login to use bookmarks.

Add to collection ... add Torts Grady F2019 Strict L to your collections:

Help using Flashcards ...just like in real life ;)

  1. Look at the card, do you know this one? Click to flip the card and check yourself.
  2. Mark card Right or Wrong, this card will be removed from the deck and your score kept.
  3. At any point you can Shuffle, Reveal cards and more via Deck controls.
  4. Continue to reveal the wrong cards until you have correctly answered the entire deck. Good job!
  5. Via the Actions button you can Shuffle, Unshuffle, Flip all Cards, Reset score, etc.
  6. Come back soon, we'll keep your score.
    “Repetition is the mother of all learning.”
  7. Signed in users can Create, Edit, Import, Export decks and more!.

Bookmark to learn: Login to use bookmarks.

Share via these services ...

Email this deck:

Right: #
Wrong: #
# Right & # Wrong of #

Rylands v. Fletcher

Strict L
D's contractors digging reservoir ignore abandoned tunnels below, P's mine flooded when res filled.
Collected and kept something dangerous that escaped from one property to another
Blackburn’s Rule: Collects on land for his own purpose something unnatural that if escapes likely to do mischief
Reservoir not natural use of water

Tenant v. Goldwin

Strict L
D's poop seeps thru shared cellar wall, spoils P's ale
ATI: Poop dangerous and filthy, escaped

Carstairs v. Taylor

NL
P tenant's rice stores flooded after rat chews thru D's drainage sys water box inspected 4 days prior. Sys the standard for the time. P had cotton stores on higher floor.
MU: rain collect for mutual benefit; rat=3rd party/borderline VM; D didn't pour.

Nichols v. Marsland

NL
D's ornamental pools flood during historic storm, destroy P county's bridges. D's water flow mechanisms not updated/repaired for a few years. No such overflow b4.
VM Sever storm caused damage=act of god/vis major; not collection, just artificial diversion

Rickards v. Lothian

NL
3rd party clogs drains, runs water in D's building. P=tenant.
Damage caused by 3rd party (D powerless to prevent ATI=>VM); indoor plumbing=common use/mutual benefit

W.H. Smith & Son, Ltd. v. Daw

NL
D's sewage pipe burst, floods P's premises. Pipe connected to P's prop
Poop not collected, was flowing in pipe; MU=P used pipe to mutual benefit; CU=sewage pipe is common usage